1. Bayley, Edwin R. Joe McCarthy and the Press. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press; 1981. 270 p.

Notes: An in-depth look at how Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin from 1947-1957,


affected the newspaper and television press and how he was affected by the press, both nationally and in Wisconsin. One substantial chapter is devoted to McCarthy’s 1952 U.S. senatorial re-election campaign in Wisconsin, which was after he had become well-known because of his “communist infiltration” issue.

Another edition: Bayley, Edwin R. Joe McCarthy and the Press. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982. 270 p. ISBN: 0394712463 (pbk.)

Reviewed: Heren, Louis (reviewer). “Craven Images.” The Times [London], December 31, 1981, p.13.

  1. Conrad, Will C.; Wilson, Kathleen F., and Wilson, Dale. The Milwaukee Journal: The First Eighty Years.

Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press; 1964. 232 p. Notes: Three long-time employees of the Milwaukee paper here tell the history of the Milwaukee Journal from its beginnings in 1882 up to its purchase in 1962 of longtime rival, the Milwaukee Sentinel.

  1. Fleisher, Alexander. The Newsboys of Milwaukee. 15th (1911) Biennial Report of the [Wisconsin] Bureau

of Labor and Industrial Statistics. pp. Part III, [61]-96. Notes: This report, Part III of the 15th biennial report of the Wisconsin Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics, was commissioned to compile information upon which to base upcoming decisions of the state legislature regarding more effective regulation of youth engaged in various street trades–newsboys were selected as the focus since it was felt that children engaged in any of the other street trades would face influences and hazards similar to those faced by newsboys. “The investigation was limited to Milwaukee newsboys between the ages of 10 and 14 who sold papers on the street” (p. 63) and “consisted of four parts: (1) examination of the life of children engaged in street trade in Milwaukee; (2) examination of the statistics of the reform school for the purpose of discovering what connection might exist between street selling and juvenile delinquency; (3) interviews with the circulation manager of the newspapers regarding the state regulation of the work of newsboys; and (4) a study of the measures that have been taken in other states and cities in the interest of children engaged in street trades, and a review of previous investigations” (p. 62). Information was also gathered through direct observation of the boys while selling newspapers in the street and also by collecting information from the boys’ family members, teachers and the boys themselves.

CONTENTS: “Introduction.” — “Life of Children in Street Trades” — The Boy’s Life on the Street — The Boy’s Earnings — Gambling — Owning of Corners –The Boy’s Presence in Saloons — The Boy’s Presence in the Tenderloin — Begging — The Language of the Street — Supper — Theaters — Tramping and Its Relation to the Boy in the Street Trades — The Benefits to the Boy of Street Trading — The Newsboy’s Family and Home — The Boy at School. — “The Newsboy and the Industrial School.” — “The Newspaper Point of View.” — “Previous Investigations” — Attempted Regulation. — “Conclusion.” — “Bibliography.”

The full text of this report is available to view in PDF in the Google Books website.

  1. Holz, Alice. “Memories of the Milwaukee Leader. Milwaukee History. 1990; 13:188-25.
  2. Keil, Hartmut. “Appendix: List of Editors/Journalists of German-American Radical Papers, 1865-1914”. IN:

Shore, Elliott; Fones-Wolf, Ken, and Danky, James P., editors. The German-American Radical Press: The Shaping of a Left Political Culture, 1850-1940. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press; 1992; pp. 213-219. Notes: Although none of the essays contained in this volume focus on the German-American press in Wisconsin, the volume’s one appendix, which identifies the editors and journalists who worked on German-American radical papers in the United States, does cover several published in Wisconsin, including: Amerikanische Turnzeitung (Milwaukee); Arbeiterzeitung (Milwaukee); Arminia (Milwaukee); Freidenker (Milwaukee); Das Freie Wort (Milwaukee); Leuchtkugeln (Milwaukee); Lucifer (Milwaukee); Milwaukee Journal (1880-1881); Milwaukee Volksblatt; Milwaukee Volkszeitung; Milwaukee Vorwaerts; Milwaukee’r Arbeiter-Zeitung; Milwaukee’r Arbeiterzeitung; Milwaukee’r Sozialist; Reformer (Milwaukee); Die rothe Laterne (Milwaukee);


Sheboygan Volksblatt; Volksblatt Sheboygan; Volkszeitung Milwaukee; Vorwaerts (Milwaukee); Wahrheit (Milwaukee); and, Wisconsin Vorwaerts (Milwaukee).

  1. Konopacki, Mike. Beware Konopacki. Madison, Wis.: Madison Press Connection Support Group; 1979. 96
  2. Notes: Editorial cartoons collected from the Madison Press Connection, the alternative paper published by the striking employees of the two daily newspapers in Madison, Wisconsin.
  3. Konopacki, Mike and Huck, Gary. “Labor Cartoons: Drawing on Worker Culture”. IN: Pizzigati, Sam and

Solowey, Fred J., editors. The New Labor Press: Journalism for a Changing Union Movement. Ithaca, N.Y.: ILR Press (School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University); 1992; pp. 126-140. Notes: Two of today’s premier labor cartoonists, Wisconsin natives Mike Konopacki and Gary Huck, provide a nice overview of labor cartooning, long an important organizing tool of the labor movement. Huck and Konopacki explain how technological developments in printing equipment early in the twentieth century made the addition of political cartoons economically viable for the U.S. labor press; several illustrative examples of the art is provided from their own Huck Konopacki cartoons and from the work of a few other great labor cartoonists as well, including Fred Wright, Carol Simpson, Rick Flores, and Bulbul.

  1. Krakowski, Paul. “Press Treatment of Wisconsin Labor Issues”; 1947.

Notes: M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1947.

  1. Olson, Richard W. “An Isolated Survivor: Racine Labor”. IN: Pizzigati, Sam and Solowey, Fred J., editors.

The New Labor Press: Journalism for a Changing Union Movement. Ithaca, N.Y.: ILR Press (School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University); 1992; pp. 173-183. Notes: From the introduction: “Racine Labor is a community labor weekly now celebrating its first half-century of publication. Fifty years ago, weeklies like Racine Labor were commonplace. Yet today Racine Labor stands as an isolated survivor. Is Racine Labor a throwback to an era that can never be recreated or a living inspiration for a new era of community labor journalism? Former Racine Labor editor Richard Olson explores the history that can help answer that question.”–p.xvii.

  1. Wagner, Dave and Buhle, Paul. “Worker Control and the News: The Madison, Wisconsin, Press

Connection”. Radical America. 1980; 14(4):7-20. Notes: About the community newspaper published from 1978 to 1980 in Madison, Wis. by the workers on strike against Madison Newspapers, Inc. (MNI), the parent company which operates the two Madison daily newspapers, the Wisconsin State Journal and The Capital Times; MNI is owned by the out-of-state Gannett Company.

Also listed in America: History and Life, 18A:8768 (but without an abstract).